David Birnbaum Philosophy




a slice of










Foundations of the Universe
a speculative sub-hypothesis


Core Cluster   

 A core custer of questions in metaphysics 

 ........revolves around 'Eternal Origins' 


#  Where did the 'first something' come from

# How was there any 'something' other than 'nothing'?

# How did we get from that 'something' to the present day

# How did that 'something' lead to the 'traction' of the universe?

# Is there a Prime Mover? If this Prime Mover always existed, where did this Prime Mover come from?  [the theogony' question]

# In any event, what 'something' could be 'eternal'? [the ''Eternal Origins' question]

# And why could our profound and extraordinary universe not have 'come into being' 
- or been 'brought into being' - without Evil?  [ also part of the 'theodicy' question]

# Is there a 'designer' of the universe? Is this 'designer' sacred or secular?

# And, if there is a 'designer',  
- where did it (the 'designer') come from?
- what is its essence
- roughly what are the parameters of its power?
- have we - or have we not - encountered it?

# Are we actually integral to the 'designer'?

# What 'ignited' the (apparently pretty smart and pretty powerful) Big Bang?

# Where are we 'heading'? Is there direction to the universe?

# Is there/What is -
the 'purpose' of all?  [the 'teleology' question]
- Is there an 'arrow' to the universe?
- a 'direction'?
- a 'meaning'?
- a goal?

# Where 'do humans stand' in all of this?

# What is life? Where did life come from? Is it reborn in every being - or is it one continuum flowing from Eternal Origins?

# Is there a 'cosmic consciousness'? What is consciousness?

# Dose Macro Physics (Einstein's gravitational physics) ever get stitched together with Micro Physics (Max Planck’s Quantum Mechanics)?

# Does 'everything' start with the Big Bang? If not, what preceded the Big Bang?

# How does Dark Energy tie in with all-of-the-above?

# Can there ever be any universe without Summa's Q4P in the mix?

# Does the future ever impact the present?


 Does Summa's proposed Q4P∞ thesis essentially resolve all of the above simultaneously? YES 

 Does (allegedly) competing Randomness Theory resolve any of above? NO 


The pre-Big Bang schematic following here is, of course, speculative;
but, I would, respectfully, not bet against it.



Quest for Potential


is the tip-of-the-spear

of Birnbaum's hypothesized directional

Prime Mover quest-force-algorithm


  see Super-Formula1000.com  


// Remember / Q4P is infinitely nested & coiled

Quest for Potential

note:   quest-force-algorithm is a Birnbaumian term; obviously, it is a hybrid play.


The Guts

of Potentialism Theory


#    Birnbaum's Prime Mover is a quest-force-algorithm

#   The Birnbaum algorithm is:   Q4P > C+ > E+
///  see: Super-Formula1000.com

per Potentialism Theory, the universe is, indeed, directional; Potential drives the universe; and does so via its quite-directional Prime Mover.

/\  see Scientific American back cover  www.TheoryAd1000.com (SEPT 2017)



JAN 2022: The Livnat/Melamed Hemoglobin Gene Study
vindicates a core plank of Birnbaum's Potentialism Theory



see Super-Formula1000.com

Advanced Summa

 Suis Generis Code? 

Is Q4P actually a self-generating, self-building-out, universe-spanning, quasi-alive, self-sustaining, all-embracing, all-pervading, pinnacle natural force, quasi- computer-code  -

ongoing executing/building-out
the Birnbaum's Super-Formula ALGORITHM

 Q4P∞ → C+  →  E+ 

- from the Get-Go

[ note: David B was a Computer Science major at CCNY Engineering. ]

[ the pre-Big Bang portion of Summa hypothesis is always highly-speculative ]




I     Pure Potential

II    Infinite Quest for Potential∞

III   Potential / Reality HYBRID


'everywhere in nature'

“Algorithms and computation take place not just in computers or between computer systems but actually everywhere in nature, in atoms, in matter,.... bacteria in a cell, and neurons in the brain.”

- Avi Wigderson (Israeli mathematician)
ABEL Prize Co-Winner  3/2021 
Princeton Institute for Advanced Study
upon learning of hs winning the ABEL Award


Algorithm > Algorithm *

Evolution / Birnbaum / Potentialism Theory:

The Prime Mover is a quest-force-algorithm -
and this algorithm tweaks** another (subordinate) algorithm - DNA  code.


see also: Super-Formula1000.com


*  conceptually, seems pretty elegant to us
** and sometimes totally re-engineers

of Cosmic Order

Eternal Potential




increasingly dynamic Platforms


Physical Universe




21st Century Human Life




[ Summa's ]
Mirror Hypothesis**


David Birnbaum's
Mirror Hypothesis:
to wit,
Many core aspects pre-Big Bang are mirrored -
in slightly different, but resonant, form -
by core aspects post-Big Bang

** another - but crucial - sub-hypothesis of the greater Potentialism Theory hypothesis

to be deployed by the Summa author
in his tool kit
playing***, as well, Cosmic Detective
- peering behind the Big Bang
to discern and explicate (in broad brush strokes)
two new epochs as precursor (to our own epoch)

*** brazen, perhaps, but it seems to have worked

>>> Meaning, the human drama (post-Big Bang) often mirrors the cosmic drama (pre-Big Bang) <<<


Q4P: Birnbaum's hypothesized directional
Prime Mover quest-force-algorithm


the Q4P-universe-spanning-WEB-of-code
expands/advances in-tandem >
with the universe expansion -
which it has instigated















I Pure Potential

II Infinite Quest for Potential∞

III Potential / Reality HYBRID



# The 3 panels to-follow are intended to provide 'visual context';
# 'Detail /explanation will be filled-in to a very limited extent
somewhat in Chronology-of-the-Universe to-follow later
# This entire [epochs of the universe] 'zone' is 'medium-risk hypothesis'


manifestation: Eternal Potential Reigns Supreme


Epoch 1


[ a 'something'
close to nothing ]

[ the Cosmic Womb of Potential ]



primordial Metaphysical

Then, concluding the epoch >

Birth #1 Epoch 1 > 2
causality: backward causation



leveraged buyout
( of ALL future potentials )
plus E+ (Extraordinariation)
mechanism one pulse [instigated by the trigger^]
( the ‘Original Pulse’ )
birth: birth of Q4P∞
human parallel #1: female womb
human parallel #2: childbirth
human parallel #3: pulse of a human
human parallel #4: potential of a youngster

human parallel #5:


leveraged buyout is a parallel
mechanism in Wall Street finance;
its boom in the USA was 1982-1990

concludes with the BIRTH OF Q4P

commences with the BIRTH OF Q4P


Epoch 2

Infinite Quest for Potential∞


[ Q4P (is) rolling ]

[ Pure Metaphysical Advance ]



Quantum Mechanics is front & center

Then, concluding the epoch >

Birth #2 Epoch 2 > 3
causality: "the VOID couldn't take it anymore"


splitting of [METAPHYSICAL] ZERO
mechanism Big Bang
birth: birth of our physical universe***
human parallel : orgasm

20th Century parallel:


splitting of the ATOM | 'Manhattan
Project' | atom bomb | exploded on/
over Hiroshima 8/6/45, then Nagasaki

see Einstein1000.com

*** meaning, our hybrid physical-metaphysical universe


concludes with the BIG BANG

commences with the BIG BANG


Epoch 3

Potential / Reality


[ Metaphysical/Physical Advance ]

[ Mophed Cosmic order ]



Metaphysical / Physical
our current universe [ work-in-progress ]

denouement unclear




So, the question will be:
In Epoch 1, where did this ethereal & eternal Cosmic Womb of Potential come from?


Are these points (just-below) possibly part of the answer ?

# The Cosmic Womb of Potential only existed metaphysically; not tangibly

# As this 'something' is is not tangible, and is close-to-nothing,
have we not achieved our philosophical objective
( of Eternal Origins being close-to-nothing )

# Is the Cosmic Womb of Potential
a metaphysical mirror
( per my Mirror sub-Hypothesis )
-  of infinitely nested potentials - ongoing realized - down-the-road in Epoch 3
- but, sufficient to get the ball rolling
i.e., sufficient to get the universe rolling


D. Birnbaum
February 2022

Remember, all the pre-Big Bang material is highly-speculative, of course.




Tracing the Life-Force Sequence
per Birnbaum interlocked hypotheses
( including crucial 'Mirror Hypothesis' for pre-Big Bang ]


from Eternal Origins > D Birnbaum b. 1950

* rough sketch *




Epoch 1



at Epoch 1 - 2 inflection point



( in ~double helix shape )
incipient Q4P∞ x incipient QM ( Quantum Mechanics )



/ BOTH - Q4P∞ & QM -
building-out ensemble thru Epoch 2
/ Cosmic Tango



they SEPARATE from each other @ the Big Bang ( ~ 13.8 blll yrs ago )
[ life-force stays w/Q4P∞ ]



Life Force emerges at Planet Earth
simultaneous with its formation ( ~4.5 bill yrs ago )
[ not a bit later - as per CW (Conventional Wisdom) ]



eventually double-helix DNA



Q4P∞ ongoing crafts/tweaks the cosmic constants
and myriad genomes
crafting billions of species
[ 100% of species emerge via highly-calibrated Q4P∞ crafting/tweaking ]



one of these lines gets to
1950 human newborns in the NY area



  The 'baby' - Quest for Potential - is 'pulled' from the cosmic womb of Potential  


The Footprint of Potential

a rough sketch

Chronology of the Universe

Eternal Origins → Present

( a metaphysics hypothesis )

introductory note: Hitherto Inscrutable Quantum Mechanics (QM) has at least two 'faces' which we are now (OCT 2017) aware of:
(a) the Potential/Possibility/Probabilistic 'face', and
(b) the Wheeler It-from-Bit 'face' as a prelude to the Lloyd Bits Compute the Universe 'face' build-out thereof

# rough sketch chronology - 1.00

Eternal Potential - as opposed-to Nothing - defines Eternal Origins.

At Eternal Origins, 'Potential reigns supreme'.

CWP = Cosmic Womb of Potential
(a Potentialism Theory term)   

# rough sketch chronology - 1.25

We are now at the Cosmic Womb of Potential point here

Potential is PUSHING-forth

Infinite Potential way down-the-road is PULLING - tugging at  -
Eternal Potential way back at Cosmic Origins




the drama increases in intensity.....

the void pulsates

# rough sketch chronology - 1.50

* Voids abhor voids 
  (proposed axiom by Summas Theory) 

* The void "couldn't take it" any more

* Realms of Potential
  some realization,
  however abstract

# rough sketch chronology - 1.75

The conjecture:

Within the primordial realms of Potential/Possibility
perhaps just a
single pulse of energy

which germinated from the potential future  
by (hypothesized/theorized)
 ‘backward causation’ (aka  ‘retrocausality‘ )*** 

aka  ‘leveraged buyout‘  [a Wall Street term from the '80s]
 of infinite future nested Potentials 

i.e. leveraging future potentials to actualize the present

tracked-back and unhinged 
the equilibrium of neo-nothingness....at Eternal Origins

*** i.e. a Quantum Mechanics sub-theory that future possibilities (or energy) may somehow impact present possibilities (or energy)

see also quantum fluctuation.....vacuum state fluctuation
origin of the universe

Remember, I just need just one pulse

# rough sketch chronology - 2.00

re: single pulse of energy

My educated conjecture is that this (hypothesized original) single pulse is the origin of life in our universe

- and that all life to follow through the eons emanates directly from this seminal point

Meaning, coiled / infinitely nested / quest for potential /
is the essence of Life - then and now

Life is inextricably connected to the birth of Epoch 2
and the cluster of dynamics noted above associated with SAME
(including backward causation and leveraged buyout -
and Quantum Mechanics good-to-go)

At the inflection point between Epoch 1 and 2, the key core dynamics aligned -

  "We have a pulse"  

# rough sketch chronology - 2.15

Per Summa's  Mirror Hypothesis , the cosmic drama often mirrors the human drama

What is true for the Cosmic Order, will often be true for the individual human

This (hypothsized) extraordinary parallel enables the metaphysician to 'peer behind' the Big Bang -
all the way back to Eternal Origins (the Cosmic Womb of Potential)

Thus, the plot thickens...

# rough sketch chronology - 2.25

( at cosmic origins )  

Embryonic Quest for Potential (Q4P)
at Cosmic Origins
...inexorably demanding its potential be realized

(from the future)

Embryonic celestial potential
eons down the road
aches-for and seeks 
and incessantly

beckons Q4P,...entreats Q4P
to emerge - at long last -  from the
cosmic womb of Potential... at Eternal Origins 

CWP = Cosmic Womb of Potential
(a Potentialism Theory term)

# rough sketch chronology - 2.50

                    primordial dynamics

....... the drama continues

- along a fault-line of the cosmic womb of Potential

The Cosmic Womb of Potential
      at this point  is at max stress

Wave upon wave of Eternal Potential vectors towards the intense drama 

Push-Pull ***


The present - at Eternal Origins - 'pushes forward'  to actualize Potential   

The future  - tracking towards infinity - 'beckons-forth'  aching and yearning to view actualized Potential peeking over the horizon

Will this interminable cosmic tension ever see resolution?



       ad infinitum?

            eons upon eons pass by......

critical mass is achieved

            the 'tipping point'.....

The Pulse

  The 'baby' - Quest for Potential - 'is pulled' from the cosmic womb of Potential  

the heavens witness in awe

  The long-yearned-for 'birth' of the inexorable metaphysical DRIVER  



*** [ mirroring a mother’s birth labor down the road in Epoch 3 ]

CWP = Cosmic Womb of Potential
(a Potentialism Theory term)

# rough sketch chronology - 3.33

Pulse > the starting-gun for [ Q4P∞ & Quantum Mechanics (QM) ]

Q4P∞ & QM

Q4P∞ - the Primus Movens - the Prime Mover - point-of-the-spear of the Algorithm by that ( Q4P∞ ) name -
supported by ever-more-dynamic unfolding coding

QM   -   [ micro-physics ] the unfolding Epoch 2 Laws of of the Universe -
ultimately to meld - however awkwardly - at the Epochs 2-3 inflection-point -
with 'Einstein's' unfolding gravitational macro-physics

are in a lover's embrace

in a cosmic tango

figuratively in a double-helix,
a precursor, of course
to the double helix of DNA down-the-road in (our) Epoch 3

# each of the entangled twosome stimulates/energizes the other -
a precursor, of course,
to male-female sexual relations - at the nexus of life/rebirth/ perpetuity
down the road in (our) Epoch 3

# the two advance ensemble
climaxing ultimately (fittingly) at the Big Bang - starting-gun for (our) Epoch 3

# All the key Epoch 1 and 2 dynamics are parallel to Epoch 3 dynamics
( as per Summa's Mirror Hypothesis:
the Cosmic Detective's Parallelism Tool Kit )

QM = Quantum Mechanics

# rough sketch chronology - 5.00

Q4P / pre-Big Bang Q4P plots its escape
from the metaphysical void →
metaphysical cum reality (our evolving universe)

 our 'Smart Universe' driven by our hypothesized natural force (Q4P) 

# rough sketch chronology - 6.00

Q4P / Igniting Big Bang Q4P splits the (hypothesized) Zero-Point and ignites the Big Bang.

[The Big Bang 13.8 billion years ago.]

Meaning, Potential,
not Random Chance,
and not some spontaneous genesis - per Wheeler and his disciple Lloyd -
ignites the entire dynamic at Eternal Origins

[ From a metaphysical perspective, splitting the Zero-Point, as well yields polarities:
Matter:Anti-Matter... Pluses:Minuses... Good:Evil... proto-Female:proto-Male... et al..... ]

# rough sketch chronology - 6.50

It was necessary (for Q4P) to instigate/trigger/create
our universe
inasmuch as Q4P needed
an extraordinary PLATFORM
- with a very substantial material/physical dimension -
to more fully play-out
Q4P → C+ → E+

metaphysical realms alone were not a dynamic-enough PLATFORM
to optimize the advancements sought -
including the rate, diversity, complexity, richness, and quality
of advance sought

# rough sketch chronology - 7.00

Q4P/QM is the prime catalyst on stage choreographing the unfolding universe production; it has vast influence....

# rough sketch chronology - 8.00

Q4P trumps Entropy
and sustains the advance of our universe.

# rough sketch chronology - 8.50

[ Evolution in a snapshot ]

Lloyd elucidates the Quantum - # information (bit) build-out
                                                   # computing 
                                                   # programming

aspect/dimension of Quantum Mechanics                  

Let us now throw in a fourth component - 

                             (Quantum) # engineering    (my concept/term)
into the mix* 

One can assign the term Quantum Engineering to the entire 4-component basket (noted just-above).

Quantum Potential Engineering    per Potentialism Theory
# information (bit) build-outper Lloyd
# computingper Lloyd
# programmingper Lloyd
# engineeringper Birnbaum

The full Quantum Engineering basket is fused into Q4P, at latest by the Big Bang ignition point

                        Now we have 'replaced' Darwinism

Post- Big Bang (13.8 billion years ago) 
Q4P then drives the evolution of the universe,
and then - post the formation of our planet 4.5 billion years ago -
the evolution of Evolution.

(see Evolution1000.com for fuller presentation)

* I presume that Lloyd did not want to tangle with the neo-Darwinists

# rough sketch chronology - 9.00

Q4P choreographs the grand cosmic drama/trajectory which includes, among other components,
exploding stars across the heavens → elements → life forms on earth → 21st Century humans and their ever-advancing consciousness

# rough sketch chronology - 10.00

Q4P (or a derivative thereof) is the Cosmological Constant identified by Albert Einstein in 1917*; Einstein theorized the Cosmological Constant as the counter-force to gravity's otherwise inevitably imploding the universe. [ Actually, it is reverse, i. e. Gravity slows down the forward march of the Cosmological Constant aka Lambda.]

# rough sketch chronology - 11.00

The Cosmological Constant [Q4P] has become identified with the simplest form of Dark Energy (Wiki / Cosmological Constant / Oct 22, 2017]

[ note: The Cosmological Constant is also known by a shorthand notation lambda, or /\ ]

# rough sketch chronology - 12.00

"In physical cosmology and astronomy, dark energy [Q4P] is an unknown form of energy which is hypothesized to permeate all of space, tending to accelerate the expansion of the universe." [Wiki / Dark Energy / Oct 22, 2017]

[ So,
the Cosmological Constant = lambda = /\ = (simple) dark energy = a salient & manifest derivative of Q4P ]

see also inter-related scientific discussions - the Fifth Force.... Quintessence

YES / By ~2019 - thirty-one years after Summa I - elements of the scientific community are inching closer to Q4P

# rough sketch chronology - 13.00

"Assuming that the standard model of cosmology is correct, the best current measurements indicate that dark energy [Q4P] contributes 68.3% of the total energy in the present-day observable universe." [Wiki / Dark Energy / Oct 22, 2017]

# rough sketch chronology - 14.00

"Dark energy [Q4P] is the most accepted hypothesis to explain the observations since the 1990s indicating that the universe is expanding at an accelerating rate." [Wiki Dark Energy / Oct 22, 2017]

# no Dark Energy [Q4P], then the Big Crunch [imploding universe]
# sufficient Dark Energy [Q4P], then Expanding universe

Meaning, as well, that Potential [Q4P] is the prime determinant of the ultimate denouement of the universe; not gravity; not entropy; and most certainly not randomness

# rough sketch chronology - 15.00

At every stage/step of the unfolding Cosmic drama/order
- from Eternal Origins thru the present day (and onward) -
Q4P - the hitherto undiscerned dynamic -
is front & center, and, indeed, the driving dynamic.

Q4P is the metaphysical spinal column of the arc of the universe.

See  Inductive1000.com / 40+ page inductive proof

See Deductive1000.com / initial and partial deductive buttress

* In 1929 (Berlin) Einstein incorrectly retracted his 1917 hypothesis; but the scientific community has upheld the original (1917) hypothesis.

personal note: Both of our families lived in Berlin in 1929, and both emigrated to the USA in the 1930s, Einstein in March 1933 (while lecturing in CA → Princeton, NJ), and Birnbaum in October 1938 (pre-Kristallnact, Berlin → Madison, WISC) 


Directed & Designed Evolution


Evolution is not directed by
Natural Selection / Random Mutation
(the fatally-flawed Darwinian theory)


Rather, Evolution is hyper-intelligently directed/designed
by Q4P∞ -
Birnbaum’s hypothesized
  Prime Mover quest-force-algorithm -  
- essentially a unique directional ~suis generis dynamic


There is, thus, respectfully,
a powerful ~universal resolution path to resolving/understanding
the extraordinarily intelligently-crafted
hyper-complex and ongoing directional journey of Evolution


The hitherto intractable scientific conundrum of Evolution
is quite-elegantly resolved (by Potentialism Theory)



Q4P: Birnbaum's hypothesized directional
Prime Mover quest-force-algorithm



Your Life Force flows unimpeded - in a slightly circuitous line - directly from Epoch 1.



So, is Q4P

a, b, c  or d   ?

a)   Quest for - P

b)   [Quest for Potential]

c)   [ Quest for  (Quest for - P) ]  

d)  a different permutation

Summa Metaphysica I was published in 1988.

My considered judgment is that Q4P is option (c).

[ Quest for  (Quest for - P) ]  

Thus, its extraordinary power.


Gaia Hypothesis

The authentic synergistic dynamics — which Gaia's hypothesizers have been pivoting off of —
are actually the local (Planet Earth quadrant) manifestations of universe-spanning Q4P playing-out the [Potentialism] SuperFormula (see SuperFormula1000.com) on Earth.


"The mob" - the reactionary alliance of
British jingoists - Darwinists - Randomnists - Hard Line Atheists

has fought to the death Gaia's (correct) core proposition. As per their usual nefarious tactics, the pro-Darwinists endeavor to swarm, defame and and de-legitimize  directional universe theorists. Not via the force of argument, but rather by planting snarky articles, academic blackmail and reputational rape.  All under the enabling blessing of the British government - and the Royal Society (London). At all costs - and by any means - upholding the (dead man walking) theory of Britain's favorite son Darwin.

By its usual 'sleight of hand', "the mob" endeavors to debase Lovelock (the Gaia formulator) and explain all via (fatally-flawed) Natural Selection/Random Mutation - whose advocates - including the Cambridge University (alma mater of Darwin) ecosystem - have bullied the Western academic world - and stunted the advance of science - for well-over 100 years. 


The Second Law of Thermodynamics

is a buttress for Potentialism Theory (Q4P)

If no Q4P
the universe should have imploded
a long, long time ago
from entropy

Pre - Summa / Potentialism Theory
Second Law seemingly had a problem
with our universe expanding for billions of years.

Why did Second Law's entropy
not constrict and/or implode this expanding entity?

Enter Potentialism's Q4P


Major Problems in [establishment] Science
- [ all now clearly resolved by Summa Theory ]

Selected Quotes from
by Dr. Peter Atkins*b

Celebrated atheist Oxford U scientist Peter Atkins
[2011] admits that [establishment] science remains stymied by a series of important questions (see just-below);
however, Potentialism [1988, 2005, 2014, 2020]
elegantly hypothesizes [integrated] answers to all of them.
See, in particular, www.Chronology1000.com
printed in Summa IV [2020].

As well, the [widely-circulated]
Huffington Post piece (June 10, 2015)
"David Birnbaum Cracks the Cosmic Code"
(see www.HuffPost1000.com)
addresses the core issues of Atkins' angst.

“The first great question of being is one that has probably entertained us all at one time or another: where did it, the universe, all come from? How did it begin?...” (p. 1)

“There are, in fact, three related profound questions to address in the context of creation. One is the mechanism of the coming into being of the universe: what actually happened at the beginning? Another is whether there is any meaning to the question of what preceded the universe and had, in some sense, the potential to become a universe. Here we are confronted by the linguistically and conceptually engaging question of whether absolutely nothing can have potency to become something. The third is whether an agent was needed to trigger the process of cosmogenesis, the process of turning that nothing into what is to all appearances something, or can nothing turn itself into something on its own? All three questions sound as though they might fall within the range of science to answer. A fourth question, why there is a universe, is rather different, but still apparently very interesting….” (p. 2)

“As a result of their intrinsic caution, almost every scientist is wisely unwilling to express a view about the events accompanying the inception of the universe.
Quite honestly, they haven’t a clue….” (p. 5)

“The task before science in this connection will be to show how something can come from nothing without intervention. No one has the slightest idea whether that can happen and, if so, how it can come about….” (p. 11)

“The unfolding of absolutely nothing—what out of reverence for the absence of anything, including empty space, we are calling Nothing—into something is a problem of the profoundest difficulty and currently far beyond the reach of science. It is, however, a target at which science must aim even though to some, even to scientists of a pessimistic or perhaps just realistic bent, it would seem to be for ever out of science’s reach….” (p. 12)

“Presumably before the creation, when there was Nothing, there was no charge; so the coming into being of the universe was accompanied by the separation of ‘no charge’ into opposites. Charge was not created at the creation: electrical Nothing separated into equal and opposite charges….” (pp. 13-14)

“I promised to return to the question of why there is a universe. What is its purpose? Something so big, complex, and all embracing some hold, must be there for a reason….” (p. 18)

“…science is a ceaseless probing with a view to overturning authority….science, though delighted by the glorious complexity of the world, seeks the
simplicity that lies beneath it….science is extraordinarily difficult, as it seeks covert mechanism….science is ever thrusting forward, wriggling into new modes of understanding,…science gives an opportunity for humanity to achieve the aspirations it already has and opens its eyes to new ones….” (pp. 26-27)

“A scientist, the arch-descendent of Occam, looks first for the simplest explanation, then builds elaborations only if the explanation’s barren, rocky simplicity proves inadequate….” (p. 33)

“One problem with evolution is how it began. Competition between primitive organisms is all very well, the triumph of one message over another,
but how did matter step across the national bridge from the inorganic to the organic in the first place?
...It would be much more satisfying—satisfying of curiosity, intellectually satisfying, and possibly spiritually satisfying—if we could find a physical process by which that gap was bridged, presumably without the apparent intervention of an agent….” (pp. 38-39)

“…Scientists are still puzzled about how this complexity [of life] emerged under the impact, presumably, of natural selection, and it remains a problem of evolution. That is not to say that there are not many ideas about how it came about. Just as for the origin of life itself, which is still a real puzzle, evolutionary biologists are not without ideas, but have not yet identified which, if any, is valid….” (pp. 60-61)


*a Peter Atkins, On Being
(Oxford, England: Oxford University Press, 2011),
pp.1-2, 5, 11-14, 18, 26-27, 33, 38-39, 60-61.


*b Scientist Peter Atkins is the author of almost 70 books, including
Galileo’s Finger: The Ten Great Ideas of Science, Four Laws
That Drive the Universe, and the world-renowned textbook
Physical Chemistry. A Fellow of Lincoln College, University of
Oxford, he has been a visiting professor in France, Israel, New
Zealand, and China, and continues to lecture widely throughout the world.


He is, as well, a 'poster boy' for Atheism.


Summa humbly offers

# a bullet-proof metaphysics
[ see Inductive1000.com for a 40-page inductive proof
published in/on Academia.edu ]

# a totally original & authentic metaphysics
[ see Testimonials1000.com ]

# a metaphysics packaged with its own Super-Formula
[ Q4P > C+ > E+ ]
spanning Macro and MIcro levels
of the Cosmic Order
from time immemorial

# a metaphysics with the same dynamic -
its 'spinal column',
Potential -
arching from
Eternal Origins to the Present -

# a metaphysics which brazenly
peeks-behind the Big Bang
[ see Chronology1000.com ]
- and discovers two additional epochs

# A metaphysics which frontally addresses -
and hopefully, elegantly resolves -
the top questions in cosmology/metaphysics
in a unified and elegant manner
[ see HuffPost1000.com ]
[ see panel in Chronology1000 - 'Major Problems' ]

# a metaphysics with no bona fide competing theory
[ see Chronological1000.com ]
[ Where is the competing Metaphysics? ]

# a metaphysics which has stood the test of time
[ since Summa 1 was published in 1988 ]
[ see panel in Chronology1000
- "No flaw has been discerned' ]

# a quite-heavily-testimonialed metaphysics
[ see SummaCoverage.com ]


Each still ‘directional’

There may or may not be other universes;
but, per Summa Theory,
any palatable universe must individually still be ‘directional’ -
and Q4P∞-drven

As we have seen.,
over the past 5+ millennia,
only a Q4P∞-driven-universe
can, indeed, be 'critically understood'

NO Q4P∞; no universe
YES, Q4P∞; maybe a full-fledged universe

Respectfully, nihilists and fellow travelers
trying to explain-away our own universe
as a consequence of (random) chance -
and the roll-of-the-dice of hypothesized random multiverse -
fail the test of critical analysis.


The Super-Formula

# was featured on the back cover of Scientific American
on our ad - September 2017 issue;
so over four years ago - with no challenge whatsoever to-date
[ see TheoryAd1000.com for latest ad iteration ]

# the Super-Formula would seem to provide an interesting
unifying guideline for the cosmic unfolding
from Eternal Origins > the Big Bang > the Present > the Future
[ see Super-Formula1000.com ]

# Even in isolation, the Super-Formula offers a Unified Theory of the Cosmos
[ see TTOE1000.com ]
- which works

# wraps-around E = mc2
[ see Einstein1000.com ]

# Perhaps it offers 'some advantages' over
(1000 percent vacuous)
Theory of No Theory - Randomness





( cracking the cosmic code )

#   connecting the dots / discerning patterns


Q4P → C+ → E+

[ see Super-Formula1000.com ]


#   buying into the conjecture that
the universe and the human

parallel each other


thus, one can endeavor to extrapolate 'missing pieces'



the human emerges from the womb;
the universe emerges from the Cosmic Womb of Potential


POTENTIAL drives the universe -  Birnbaum

see Summa-4.com



See www.SuperFormula1000.com



David Birnbaum Metaphysics