The initial and partial

*hard physics* proof

for Potentialism Theory

*Lambda ≈ Dark Energy ≈ Cosmological Constant ≈ Q4P, per Summa Theory*.

Lambda = salient Q4P^{∞}

**Λ**

**Lambda**

the *Cosmological Constant*

Einstein (1917) hypothesized that there was a dynamic countering gravity's pull on the planets; else the planets would crunch together.

Einstein identified this dynamic as the Cosmological Constant.

The world scientific community would later call this force Lambda.

In reality (per Potentialism Theory) Einstein (1917) had the concept correct, but the seqence/alignment backwards.

The correct seqence/alignment is:

**1. Lambda** is driving the universe to expand outward;

**2. Gravity** is *putting the brakes *on Lambda.

Now, Lambda is salient Q4P,

or in other words

Lambda is Q4P somewhat ‘showing its hand’.

(Elusive) Lambda, in turn, is manifested 'saliently' via Dark Energy.

Lambda, of course, is just the ‘visible’

"tip of the iceberg" of infinite Quest for Potential^{∞} (Q4P^{∞}).

Thus, while Volume I of my metaphysics series (Summa Metaphysica) proposing Quest for Potential is copyrighted 1986, Einstein discerned Lambda in 1917; he did not realize - and never realized - that he had hit 'the mother lode' (i.e. the *'driver of the Cosmic Order'*).

For the record,

In 1929,

Einstein (in error) rejected his own *Cosmological Constant *concept, calling it his 'biggest blunder'. [Actually, he was right the first time (1917).]

In the 1990s,

New studies confirm that the *Cosmological Constant* is the best fit for Dark Energy, and offers the most precise and accurate estimate yet of its value.

In 2018,

The current standard model of cosmology is known as the Lambda-CDM model .

However, maintream science, in parallel to Einstein (1917), still has the sequence/alignment of the dynamics backwards: See line 4 near top: "In reality...

*

As of Fall 2018, in physical cosmology and astronomy, Dark Energy (*≈ *Lambda) is considered an unknown form of energy which is hypothesized to permeate all of space, and which is accelerating the expansion of the universe. [Summa / Potentialism Theory, of course, hypothesizes *same *(1988 →) for Q4P.]

Discerned, Identified, Calculated & Measured

Lambda = salient Q4P^{∞}

** Scientifically Discerned**

The scientific community &

the inadvertent 100+ year *hard science* unfolding/discovery

of key components of Potentialism Theory

So,* Lambda ≈ Dark Energy ≈ Cosmological Constant ≈ Q4P, per Summa Theory*.

Lambda was discerned / identified initially by Einstein in 1917,

but has emerged (by 2018) front & center in astrophysics

via the **'Lambda-CDM Model' **

(the *standard model* of Big Bang cosmology).

Meaning, Q4P^{∞} is *de facto *embedded in - and integral-to - the current *standard model *of cosmology

So,

re: The Cosmological Constant ≈ Lambda ≈ Dark Energy ≈ Q4P, per Summa

1) It was introduced, discerned & calculated (as noted, initially by Einstein, 1917).

2) The best current measurements indicate that Dark Energy

contributes 68.3 percent of the total energy

of the present-day observable universe.

3) Dark Energy's density has been precisely measured

(apparently ~7 x 10^{-30} g/cm^{3})

4) It is clearly key in driving the universe forward.

5) The current *standard model* scientific theory has Lambda literally starting its title

So, scientifically measured on multiple fronts, placed front & center in the *standard model* title, and generally accepted as driving the universe forward.

**Is not Lambda thus direct 1:1 corroboration of a key slice of Potentialism Theory?**

Lambda ≈ Dark Energy ≈ Cosmological Constant

is thus the scientifically (measurable /measured) manifestation of Q4P.

Not bad having key components one's (revolutionary) metaphysics/cosmology theory* de facto* scientifically discerned over a 101 year period (1917 to date).

So, Einstein tripped-over Q4P in 1917, but misread its overarching power and centrality.

And the scientific community at-large has yet to grasp Lambda's full dimensions.

*

The Cosmological Constant's identification (1917) by Einstein (hence, the discovery of a 'physical' manifestation of Summa's Q4P),

is the rough equivalent of Sir Arthur Eddington's (May 29, 1919) solar eclipse proof of Einstein's curvature of space time theory.

Except that, as noted, in Einstein's (Cosmological Constant) case, he radically missed the full import.

*

Psychologically and scientifically, Einstein was fixated on gravity as the central motif of the Cosmic Order; thus, to Einstein, other dynamics - like Lambda - essentially play supporting or reaction roles.

However, from my Potentialism-centric - and hopefully objective - view of the Cosmic Order, whereas gravity (a physical dynamic) is very central in our universe, it is trumped in importance/impact/centrality by overarching Q4P - the overarching metaphysical dynamic of the Cosmic Order.

*

I respectfully believe that Lambda crucially *moves the needle *on Potentialism - from *theor*y to *partially scientifically discerned.*

And, indeed, the Lambda-CDM Model is more precisely, the Q4P-CDM Model.

In a twist of fate, Potentialism Theory was partially/inadvertently discerned & partially validated (1917) by scientific great Einstein - before the Potentialism Metaphysics/Cosmology theory was even conceptualized/presented/disseminated (1988 and onwards) by Outsider/Outlier Birnbaum. Rumor has it that I was not even born until 1950. And via scientific advances in understanding the Cosmological Constant ≈ Dark Energy - which is actually Q4P Energy, the academic establishment has advanced our scientific knowledge of Potentialism Theory, and to some partial extent, validated it.

*

Thus, the mainstream academic community may want the interloper (Birnbaum) to stop messing in their turf with his over-the-top theory; but they have unwittingly albeit scientifically - and from multiple angles - given significant scientific evidence and buttress - over a 100-year span - to Summa's *avant-garde *theory (1988 →).

Put another way, the establishment academic community has radically strengthened Potentialism's position on the metaphysics/cosmology chessboard. With respect, there is no known theory which can successfully challenge Potentialism.

Q4P* Hiding in Plain Sight*

Lambda = salient Q4P^{∞}

**The Misnomer
'Dark Energy'**

The correct appellation would be:

Salient Q4P^{∞} Energy

or

SQE

'Dark Energy' is meaningless in this astrophysics arena;

there is nothing *dark* about it

'Salient Q4P^{∞} Energy' ( 'SQE' ) is meaningful - and precise.

*The Boss*

Lambda = salient Q4P^{∞}

**Lambda**

an integral part

of the over-arching cosmic dynamic

Einstein and scientists to follow tend to view Lambda as a stand-alone dynamic;

however, Lambda is just a salient portion of overarching Q4P^{∞};

and that is part of the reason that Einstein *et al. *have such great difficulty with Lambda.

Q4P^{∞} reigns supreme

and Lambda is just a salient segment of it.